New research published in Ecology and Society demonstrates how the concept of pathway diversity can be used to quantify social-ecological resilience. Steven Lade along with colleagues Brian Walker and Jamila Haider, have developed a model of resilience that takes into account how actions taken now can create feedbacks that constrain or enhance the availability of options currently, as well as into the future, thus altering the number and variety of available future pathways. This novel approach to both conceptualizing and measuring resilience promises to advance both theory and practice.
Lade, S. J., B. H. Walker, and L. J. Haider. 2020. Resilience as pathway diversity: linking systems, individual, and temporal perspectives on resilience. Ecology and Society 25(3):19.